Modaks (Sweet Indian Dumplings)

ModakCelebrations in India often hinge around religious events, but you don’t have to be religious to join in the fun.

This week, Hindus celebrate Ganesh Chaturthi, a festival so crammed with food and festivities that as a child it used to be my favorite time of the year– more so than even Diwali, the mother of all Hindu festivals.

Ganesh Chaturthi is the birthday of Ganesh or Ganapati, a lovable, child-like god of many contradictions: his friend and vehicle of choice is a tiny, playful mouse and that’s quite a tall order given that Ganesh himself is a pretty chubby guy with the head of an elephant, trunk and all. And despite his mischief-loving and sometimes smarty-pants disposition chronicled in dozens of bedtime stories, he occupies a hefty position in the Hindu pantheon of 30 million gods, as the deity of wisdom, intellect and knowledge.

He’s also a popular guy: different groups of Hindus pledge allegiance to different gods, but everyone adores Ganesh no matter who their family deity is. So no wonder then that they throw him a bigger birthday party than they do for almost anyone else. One, in fact, that lasts five, 10 and, in some cases, even 20 days.

There’s one more thing that makes Ganesh Chaturthi unique: it’s not just celebrated within families; but by entire communities together, including people of different faiths. In Maharashtra — the state where I grew up– everyone in the neighborhood would pitch in to buy large Ganesh idols that would then be housed in decorative tents or pandals. Music would blare from loudspeakers, sometimes songs of praise for Ganesh but just as often raucous and raunchy Bollywood movie music. It was the time of year when you didn’t rush to ask the organizers to turn it down: instead, you joined in the spirit and grabbed at a chance to play hooky from homework.
ganeshThe Ganesh idols are always made specially for the celebration, and always immersed in the sea at the end of the festival. Some were — and still are– incredibly ostentatious, covered in diamonds (not real), shimmering glass or silver or gold and sometimes dozens of feet tall. But they were not the only highlight of these pandals. Communities competed to come up with topical and mythological themes to decorate their pandals: you’d find everything from social issues like women’s upliftment to tales like the Ramayana featured. There were even contests for the best Ganesh decor. This year, in Pune, where the community Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations first originated and which has been particularly hard hit by the H1N1 virus, there’s even a Ganesh pandal with a Swine Flu theme. :)

When I lived in India, one of the high points of this time of the year was making the rounds of the best known Ganesh pandals around the city to ogle at the various idols.

But the most fun was to be had at my family’s five-day celebration–always held at the home of my uncle who got the honor since he was the oldest male in the family– because of the incredibly delicious food that my mother and aunts cooked up each day.

Ganesh’s most lovable quality, to my mind, is that he loves to eat. The food, then, always had to be special and, as with all Hindu celebrations in my part of India, it had to be vegetarian (because, dummy, gods don’t eat innocent animals). Of all these dishes, each unique, nothing was more special than Modak, the sweet-stuffed dumpling (steamed or fried) that is said to be Ganesh’s most favorite of all foods.

While I don’t celebrate Ganesh Chaturthi any more in my home far from India, I always get nostalgic when this time of year rolls around. And while I don’t always make the effort to coordinate food and festivals as my mom and aunts did, this year I decided to go ahead and make modaks during Ganesh Chaturthi, partly because I wanted to share with all of you this wonderful, delectable sweet.

I like the steamed version of this dish, but I’d be lying if I were to say I didn’t love the deep-fried version more. Biting through the crispy exterior to get into the soft, squishy, sweet surprise inside is an experience that has to be eaten to be believed.

I make my modaks as traditionally as my mom and aunts made them, but because I don’t always get the same ingredients here, I made some modifications. They worked so well, I couldn’t tell the difference. For instance, because I use pre-shredded coconut which is dryer than coconut that’s freshly grated, I added a tiny bit of coconut milk to give the filling the right texture. I also added a few drops of lemon juice to the intensely sweet filling– although this is not a traditional ingredient, I think it really cuts through the cloying sweetness without making the filling sour.

Here’s the recipe. Happy Ganesh Chaturthi to all!


For the dough:

1/2 cup all-purpose flour

1/2 cup rava (cream of wheat)

2 tbsp transfat-free vegetable shortening

Enough soymilk to knead

Mix the ingredients together into a stiff but pliable dough. Cover and set aside at least half an hour.

For the filling:

In a heavy bottomed skillet, mix together:

1 cup shredded coconut (I used the pre-shredded kind from Whole Foods)

1 cup finely grated jaggery (found easily at Indian grocery stores)

Toast on a low flame until the jaggery is almost melted through. Keep stirring because coconut burns very easily.

Now add:

3 tbsp canned coconut milk

1/2 tsp ground green cardamom seeds

1/4 cup finely chopped cashew nuts

Stir together well, mashing in any lumps of jaggery that might remain. Once everything is well-mixed add 1/2 tsp of lemon juice, then turn off the heat and set the mixture aside to cool.

Break off a piece of the dough, about 1 inch in diameter. Roll into a ball and then, using very little flour, roll into a disc as thin as possible, about 3 inches in diameter.

Place a tablespoonful of the filling in the center. Now gather the edges of the on the top and pinch to seal into a pointed tip. Moisten with some water if needed to ensure a tight seal because you don’t want the modak to come apart while it’s frying.

Heat enough oil to cover the modaks in a skillet. Once the oil temperature reaches 375 degrees, deep-fry the modaks, a few at a time, until they are golden-brown all over. (Frying at this temperature ensures that the food will absorb almost no oil.)

Remove to a dish lined with paper towels to absorb any excess grease. Cool to lukewarm before eating.

(C) All recipes and photographs copyright of Holy Cow! Vegan Recipes.

Get new recipes by email. Sign up below.


  1. says

    Happy Ganesh Chaturthi to you too Vaishali. Your description of the celebration back home brought back so many memories. I too don’t make festival goods out here but today I am eating them through your post. :)

  2. says

    Happy Ganesh Chaturthi Vaishali. I can so realte to the 5 day celebration and that in the uncles’house. We celebrated that way too. The modak’s and that too vegan looks lovely.

  3. says

    The Ganesh pandals are all empty this year due to the swine flu here … the lord is sitting all alone. Am so glad you did the deep fried version of the modaks .. I love them that way. :-)

  4. says

    Happy Ganesh Chaturthi to you too ! Lovely post dear, as always very well written, this is the first time i have missed ganesh chaturthi and you made me nostalgic..fried modak’s look delectable!

  5. says

    Gorgeous pictures…I tried these modaks when I got married and had a bad experience with them…never tried them after that…thanks for the clear preparation procedure…may be I could try them for next Vinayaka Chaturdhi 😉

  6. Anonymous says

    I’m a frequent reader of your blog and enjoy it so much. I apologize for the fact that this comment isn’t directly related to your posting. It’s prompted by the name of your blog, and the fact that you’ve chosen to feature Malaysian food in your next instalment of IAVW. I wanted to alert you to a horrifying, brutal act by a small group in a Malaysian state( My heart ached when I saw that story; I’m crying as I write this. That poor cow.


  7. says

    Srikar, Jaya, Kitchenflavors, Pavani, Preeti, RC, Meera, Sushma, Sharmila, Priya, Parita, Gita, Thanks, all!

    Ann, Thanks for sending this link. It is really shocking how hate and intolerance can turn people into monsters. And what’s worse is when they make victims out of mute animals to make their point. Those pictures made me cry too.

    Maria, Sireesha, thanks!

    Anonymous, Thanks. I’ll try making and posting them next week. Stay tuned! :)

  8. says

    Happy Ganesh Chathurthi Vaishali:)

    I always have a tiff with Modaks[steamed] every year during chathurthi as I can never get the shape right:).This year,however I got it ok..not the pretty pleats,but ok:).Have never tried the deep fried version though..sounds delicious:)

  9. Ami says

    Hey Vaishali,

    My name’s Ami and I’m a high school senior. I’ve been reading your blog for a while and i’m so glad someone has come up with a vegan/indian blog! most indians I know will proudly say they are vegetarian and then look horrified as I explain that I’m actually vegan… Your recipes are delicious and healthy and, well, delicious. I really enjoy having this as a resource!
    Also, I think it’s wonderful that you’re a journalist. Living in DC and majoring in international relations with a minor is journalism is my dream, even though i’m not sure how my parents will take it!

  10. says

    Belated Ganesh Chathurthi wishes to you ! The steamed version gets made in my home every year, never tried this fried version, bet it tastes awesome….loved your post…

Leave a comment!