Whole-Wheat French Bread: A Step-By-Step Guide

So maybe French women don’t get fat, but I am not French and I do. Unless I watch what I eat.

Still, I do get the urge to eat some lusciously soft, heartily crusty French bread ever so often. And when I was struck by the recurring urge to bake a French bread this weekend, I decided, for a change, to make it healthy by incorporating as much whole wheat into the recipe as I possibly could.

I had already posted a part-whole-wheat French bread recipe on this blog, but I don’t bake it as often because it’s a tad complicated and I am always rushed for time. There’s also another that I posted not long ago that uses only bread flour or all-purpose flour. Both breads are excellent, but when I want some home-baked French bread on the fly, the white flour recipe usually wins out because it’s much quicker. But as you can imagine, it’s not the healthiest option.

To end the health dilemma once and for all, I decided I’d come up with a healthy, whole-wheat French bread recipe that was easy and delicious, even if I was condemned to eating various failed experiments for the rest of the year. Luckily, it was nowhere near that hard– in fact, I succeeded at the first try.

I won’t take all the credit for it– French bread is one of the easiest breads to bake, and almost anyone can make a pretty good loaf with just a little practice.

Despite its healthy nature, this bread is also rather traditional because it uses just flour, water and salt, as classic French bread does. I did add some vital wheat gluten because I wanted the bread to be airy and light, as good French bread should be.

To understand the role and importance of vital wheat gluten in wholegrain bread-making, it might help to know the difference between whole-wheat flour, which you might have often heard described as being low in gluten, and refined flours like all-purpose flour and bread flour, which have a high gluten content.

Refined flours are made by milling the endosperm of the wheat kernel which is a coating around the embryo of the grain and which contains a protein that, when kneaded, develops into gluten, giving bread its chewiness and structure and helping it to rise.

Whole-wheat flour, on the other hand, is made by milling the entire wheat kernel which includes the endosperm, the outer coating called the bran, and the embryo or the germ. Therefore, measure-for-measure, whole-wheat flour contains less endosperm than all-purpose or bread flour and therefore less of the protein that causes gluten to develop. Get it?

At the other end of the scale you have cake flour which is refined further by stripping from it not just the bran and germ but also a good deal of the gluten-creating protein, yielding a high-starch flour that contains very little gluten. This makes it perfect for crumbly, tender cakes.

A quick piece of information for home cooks who tend to substitute maida, a super-refined flour that is widely used in India to make sweets and some breads, with all-purpose flour. Maida is actually much closer to cake flour than it is to all-purpose flour because of its very high starch content.

Coming to the point of this post, when you make a bread with only or mostly whole-wheat flour or other wholegrain flours like rye, you need to give the dough a protein boost so it will yield a well-risen, well-structured loaf of bread instead of a heavy, dense loaf that you could kill someone with (hopefully not by feeding it to them :) ). That protein boost is given by adding vital wheat gluten to the recipe. If you can’t find vital wheat gluten, which is sold in grocery stores like Whole Foods in powder form, I’d suggest flip-flopping the ratio of whole-wheat to all-purpose flour in the recipe and leaving out the added gluten.

I used durum whole-wheat flour, the same flour I use to make chapatis and puris, for this bread. You can buy durum whole wheat flour in five-, 10- or 20-pound bags at Indian grocery stores and even at natural food stores like Whole Foods.

Since I’ve often enough stressed in the past that bread-making is equal parts science and art, I thought it might help for you to see pictures of most of the major steps, so I’ve included them here. As always, feel free to ask if you have any questions.

Here’s the recipe. Enjoy!

Whole-Wheat French Bread

3 cups of durum whole-wheat flour

2 cups unbleached all-purpose flour

1 tbsp + 1 tsp vital wheat gluten

(If you don’t have vital wheat gluten, use 3 cups all-purpose and 2 cups whole-wheat flour and skip the gluten)

1 1/2 tbsp salt

2 cups of mildly warm water

2 1/2 tsp yeast

Mix the yeast, 1 cup of all-purpose flour and 1 cup of water in a large bowl. Let stand for a few minutes until the mixture becomes quite bubbly, about 10-15 minutes.

Now add the vital wheat gluten, remaining flour, salt and remaining water. Mix to combine and then knead by hand about 10 minutes or in a stand mixer, on medium speed, about six minutes, until you have a very smooth, elastic and resilient dough.

Form the dough into a ball and place in an oiled bowl, turning over once to coat the top with oil. Cover loosely with a kitchen towel and set aside to rise at room temperature. (In winter, I’d leave it in a cold oven with the light on).

After two hours, the dough would have more than doubled. Punch it down to remove all the gases in it, then divide it into two. Let the dough stand, covered with a kitchen towel, around 10 minutes before shaping.

Take one ball of dough and punch it down with your fist to release all the gases and air. You will have a six-inch round when you’re done.

Now, roll over more than half of the dough and, using your knuckles or the heel of your hand, press it down into the bottom.

Repeat two more times, rolling the dough over each time, until you have a cylinder. Each time, press in the seams with your knuckles or the heel of your hand. If needed, at the end, pinch in the seam with your fingers to seal it. You will now have a cylinder with tapering ends, about six inches in length.

Now using the palms of your hands and fingers and without applying any pressure, roll the dough until you have a roll about 12 inches in length. The roll should be even all over and taper off at the ends– apply a little pressure when you reach the ends to create the tapering shape.

Repeat this with the other ball of dough.

Place the two loaves on a baking sheet lightly greased with oil and sprinkled with cornmeal, at least four inches apart because they will expand and rise.

Cover with a floured kitchen towel and set aside for an hour.

With a very sharp knife or razor, and very quickly, make three long, diagonal cuts in the top of the bread. (I used a serrated steak knife as you can see in the picture, but if you’re not practiced at this, use a very sharp, thin razor blade because you don’t want to deflate the dough)

Preheat the oven to 425 degrees. Five minutes before baking, spray about 1/2 cup water into the oven to create a steamy environment. (The water helps create a crusty loaf and also it creates a moist environment where the bread bakes slowly, creating more flavor).

Place the bread in the oven and close the door. Five minutes later, spray more water into the oven.

Bake about 30 minutes until the loaves are golden-brown. Lift up the loaf to check that it separates easily from the baking sheet.

Let stand at least 15 minutes on a rack before cutting.

(C) All recipes and photographs copyright of Holy Cow! Vegan Recipes.

44 thoughts on “Whole-Wheat French Bread: A Step-By-Step Guide

  1. Permalink  ⋅ Reply


    September 1, 2009 at 4:40pm

    Beautiful pictures Vaishali. The only thing I do differently is place a shallow pan of water in the lower rack of the oven and brush the loaf with water every 10 minutes of the baking.

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    September 1, 2009 at 5:19pm

    Wow, so beautifully done and explained…just perfect like store bought one, thanks for sharing this recipe, vaishali

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    September 1, 2009 at 8:18pm

    What a perfect bread Vaishali! Great step-by-step pictures and so clearly explained.

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    September 1, 2009 at 9:48pm

    WWOWWW… is all I can say… love how golden brwon the loaf looks… would love to ahve it with some hot soup :)

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    Jaya Wagle

    September 1, 2009 at 10:28pm

    Thank you for clarifying the gluten delima. I never really knew much about it. The bread looks delicious.

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    September 1, 2009 at 10:47pm

    The bread looks so perfect…I dont usually get the perfect shape when I bake French Bread…it turns out to be sort of a combination of rolls and foccacia…thanks for sharing the step-by-step photos Vaishali :)

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    September 2, 2009 at 12:53am

    Great explanatory post Vaishali !! Kudos for your patience and persistance !
    I still need to get my head around the different flours mumbo-jumbo…maybe one day…

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    September 2, 2009 at 2:59am

    Hi Vaishali,
    Can I use the whole meal flour along with the whole wheat flour and leave out the gluten..


  9. Permalink  ⋅ Reply


    September 2, 2009 at 3:40am

    Fabulous bread vaishali..Great step-by-step pictures and so clearly and well explained.

  10. Permalink  ⋅ Reply


    September 2, 2009 at 5:48am

    Another great bake from you Vaishali! Love the step by step .. read snap by snap .. desc … it so helps when it comes to learning bread baking. :-)

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    Gypsy Girl Gourmet

    September 2, 2009 at 6:13am

    I’m not vegan, but I do try and eat healthy. I also go back and forth on the Blood Type Diet. I’m an A so this website is full of recipes I am DYING TO TRY! I already wrote your Roasted Eggplant and Tofu dip recipe down. I think I’ll give it a try Thursday!

  12. Permalink  ⋅ Reply

    Curry Leaf

    September 2, 2009 at 11:16am

    Beautiful Vasihali.Love the whole wheat French bread.It looks perfect.Great step by step pics .Very helpful they are

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    September 2, 2009 at 12:06pm

    What a great initiative Vaishali! and such a lovely wholesome recipe!You are so knowledgable about the different flours,etc..bravo!I am very tempted to try this out!
    P.s hehehe the french dont get fat because they have all those stairs,and walks going thru the metro everyday..that way they ”burn” their baguette away each day! :D Thanx for this!Mia

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    September 2, 2009 at 1:31pm

    Beautiful bread Vaishali and great step by step pictorial ! Now I have no reason to put off trying french bread which has been on my to do list for so long …..:-)

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    The Voracious Vegan

    September 2, 2009 at 6:48pm

    WOW! This was such a great post, I learned so much. Your photography is stunning and I am seriously impressed with the quality of that bread – it looks fluffy and chewy and just perfect.

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    September 2, 2009 at 8:42pm

    Grt step by step instructions vaishali, would love to make this sometime soon :)

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    September 3, 2009 at 6:01am

    Bread looks beautiful and perfect.I hope to learn to make bread sometime

  18. Permalink  ⋅ Reply


    September 3, 2009 at 11:13am

    It is really simple. Will try it soon.
    Thank you

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    September 4, 2009 at 11:15am

    Hi, I made another of your recipes for my family and we all loved it! I just made some French bread…I will try this whole wheat version next time, for sure!!
    Peace, Stephanie

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    September 4, 2009 at 7:24pm

    Love the step by step pics Vaishali!I am still an amateur in bread baking…Will try this recipe of yours

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    September 5, 2009 at 9:43am

    What a nice colour that bread has!

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    September 5, 2009 at 2:31pm

    Hi Vaishali
    Tried this bread yesterday with White Whole Wheat Flour. Enjoying it with spicy curry made of Green Moong and Masoor (Mix Usal)

    Thank you

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    September 10, 2009 at 5:50am

    I just made this bread tonight (with a few alterations to fit my needs) and my entire family thought it was good! Even my sister, who hates most everything I make because it is vegan, said that it was very good. Thank you for a bread recipe that finally brought my family to my side!

    I also tried the lemon shortbread, but it came out super crumbly and wouldn’t hold it’s shape very well. I was so dissapointed. I don’t know, maybe I did something wrong?

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    September 10, 2009 at 5:46pm

    Anonymous, glad you liked the bread, and thanks for the feedback.
    About the shortbread, here are a couple of tips: you might have needed some more time in the oven– individual ovens heat differently, even when you set them to the same temperature, so you might want to give your shortbread a little more time in the oven the next time.
    Also, you do have to wait until the shortbread cools thoroughly before you cut into it, or it will crumble easily.
    Hope that helps :) Feel free to ask if you have other questions.

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    September 21, 2009 at 7:15pm

    Vini, sorry I missed your question earlier and hope it’s not too late. I am not sure I understand what you’re asking. Can you please email me at vaishalihonawar@gmail.com and I’ll try and clarify this for you?

  26. Permalink  ⋅ Reply


    September 26, 2009 at 5:34pm

    Just a quick question. What type of yeast do you use for this? The quick stuff or the slow stuff?

  27. Permalink  ⋅ Reply


    September 26, 2009 at 5:45pm

    Kevin, it’s the slow stuff and is labeled “active dry yeast.”

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    April 18, 2010 at 4:23am

    I can’t believe how easy it was to make this. It came out perfect on my first try. The recipe really has everything in perfect proportions. The pictures were also very helpful for someone like me who doesn’t do much baking. Thanks.

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    August 2, 2010 at 12:34pm

    I’d never baked any kind of bread before. It worked better than I’d hoped, and I followed instructions to the letter (except I added a little extra water when kneading the dough).

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    March 24, 2011 at 11:20am

    I may be the only one who didnt get this right the first time. But I did learn a lesson from it. I halved the recipe and goofed up the amount of salt. The yeast proofed fine but the dough didnt rise satisfactorily. I was puzzled and kept re-reading your fantastically detailed post. Then I tasted the bread and the excess salt. Somewhere from the recesses of my brain, a few microbiology lessons from my past beckoned. Salt kills/inhibits yeast activity! Tried it again today and followed your recipe to the letter and viola! Beautiful French bread :)

    Sorry for the long comment, maybe someone could learn from my mistake!

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    July 4, 2011 at 9:24pm

    I made this bread today. instead of two loaves, i made second fucaccia,i added some rosemery,sun dried tomatos,both turned out excellent, thanks for sharing such wonderful recipe.

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    Ila Patel.

    December 7, 2011 at 7:14am

    Hi Vaishali,
    I love ur recipes. I tried the french bread recipe & just cOuldnt believe how wonderful it came out, as i am not a baker.
    My 2 1/2 yrs old daughter loves croissant. can u please post delicious whole wheat recipe.

    • Permalink  ⋅ Reply

      Vaishali Honawar

      January 13, 2012 at 9:15pm

      Hi Ila, Thanks for your kind words– glad you liked the recipe. Your daughter sounds so sweet. I’ve been wanting to make a croissant and will try to come up with a whole-wheat one.

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      September 14, 2012 at 1:58pm

      Without gluten, I would recommend using 2 cups of whole-wheat and 3 cups of all-purpose. That should keep it from getting too dense.

  33. Permalink  ⋅ Reply

    Rachel Brown

    September 14, 2012 at 6:33am

    Are you sure there is supposed to be 1 1/2 Tablespoons of salt or teaspoons?? The recipe says tablespoons. I tasted the bread and it came out really salty, and I was wondering why my dough hadn’t risen very much. Then I found out that too much salt can inhibit yeast. Are my measuring spoons off or is the recipe off?? Confused! Good recipe other than the fact the salt and the loaf came out small.

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      September 14, 2012 at 1:59pm

      Rachel, Salt is one of those ingredients you can adjust to your liking– even in baking. If you find it to be too much, feel free to use less.

  34. Permalink  ⋅ Reply


    September 18, 2013 at 3:20pm

    Found your website and this recipe last night. Made the without wheat gluten version but will try the other next time. Turned out great. Delicious. Thanks!

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    February 16, 2014 at 8:08pm

    I enjoyed making this recipe; although I had to take a break and let it rise in the refrigerator due to time constraints. Anyhow, my only concern is 1 1/2 tbsp. is a lot of salt! I cut it back to 2 tsp and this is still too much. Will try 1 tsp for 2 loaves of bread. Thanks for the base recipe!

    • Permalink  ⋅ Reply


      February 17, 2014 at 7:03am

      You’re welcome. Salt measurements are always suggested — you should adjust to taste.

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