Some tastes are impossible to erase from memory, and one such flavor for me is that of a Mawa Cake, a milk-based, cardamom-scented delicacy I ate growing up in Bombay's delicious Irani restaurants. My vegan version is eggless and dairy-free, of course, but it's so close to the real thing, you'd never know.
I have for you today a cake that's incredibly close to my heart--and perhaps loved by anyone who ever stepped into one of Bombay's quaint but disappearing Irani restaurants. A vegan Mawa Cake.
A Mawa Cake is a soft, tender and delicious cardamom-scented cake with a texture not unlike that of a pound cake, except perhaps a little denser. That texture, as important to the uniqueness of this cake as its unforgettable flavor and richness, comes from the use of mawa, a reduction of milk.
Mawa is used in lots of Indian sweets, which tend to be milky and very sweet and cardamom-scented, and the story goes that the Mawa Cake was created in the kitchens of Merwan's, one of the city's most legendary Irani cafes, using ingredients you'd find in most Indian sweets.
Before McDonald's and Pizza Hut and dozens more global chains descended on India, Irani restaurants like Merwan's were where you went for a quick bite of something delicious that arrived quickly, didn't taste like typical Indian food, and yet was immensely appealing to most Indian tastebuds.
At one time there were more than 400 Irani restaurants dotting Bombay, usually outside railway stations or near movie theaters. They were familiar yet exotic, like the food they offered that became entrenched in the city's diverse and rich food landscape.
Irani restaurants, as the name might suggest, were opened by immigrants who arrived in India from Iran (then Persia) in the 19th century. Although often confused with Parsis, who migrated to India centuries before the Irani community, the Iranis, albeit Zoroastrians like the Parsis, spoke a different language and had their own strong cultural identity and cuisine which set them apart.
In Andheri, a suburb of Bombay where I grew up, there were two Irani restaurants outside the railway station. When we were children, my father would treat my brother and I to a quick snack of warm-from-the-oven bun-muska (a sweet bun slathered with Amul butter) after we'd taken the train back from visiting relatives or friends.
Many of the city's better-known Irani restaurants were in South Bombay: Kyani's, Bastani's, Britannia, Yazdani's, Sassanian's... You could almost describe them as the city's first fast-food joints but that wouldn't do them justice because although the food arrived fast, the atmosphere was anything but rushed.
In fact, time seemed to slow down inside an Irani restaurant. They were usually located at the corners of old, British-era buildings, and were spacious and airy with at least two wide doorways-- said to be designed to keep up a smooth flow of people exiting and entering the restaurant. The floors were marble, the tables were round and marble-topped with a wooden base, and the wooden chairs were straightbacked and fragile-looking. Rumor had it that the chairs were deliberately designed to be uncomfortable to keep diners from sitting too long.
Inside, tacked on to one of the many mirrors on the walls, would be a longish list on Irani restaurant etiquette and it usually went something like this: No combing hair, no spitting, no sitting long, no politics, no discussing gambling, no leg on chair, no beef, no credit, no fighting....and so on. Sometimes, also tacked to the mirrors, would be pictures of Zoroastrian gods.
Despite the chairs, people tended to linger. The food was invariably cheap and no, nobody really cared if you did talk politics. In fact, a popular pastime for older residents would be to go to the local Irani restaurant first thing in the morning, order a cup of tea, and discuss the morning newspaper to every last detail, often with the restaurant owner who'd sit at the cashier's counter.
Your order was always taken by one of the matter-of-fact waiters (always male) with a pencil tucked behind his ear and an elephant's memory for everything you ordered. The special sweet, thick, milky tea could be had paani kam (with less water) so it would be sweeter and thicker and milkier. Or you could order Market, an unusual mix of tea and coffee. Or a plate of salty, layered, crispy khari biscuits or sweet, buttery, melt-in-the-mouth Shrewsberry biscuits. Vegetable puffs. Akuri, spicy scrambled eggs. Mutton patties and chicken patties. Slim sandwiches of white buttered bread with pieces of boiled meat inside. Or the ultimate decadence-- a dish of pastries filled with all kinds of cupcakes and cakes. You could take what you liked, and the bill would be written up only for the pastries you ate.
When you were ready to go, you always paid the cashier, never the waiter. At the cashier's counter, you could order fresh-baked breads to take home. The warm rolls would be wrapped in a newspaper before being handed to you. Desi, who lived in Dhobi Talao for a few years, remembers buying brun paav each morning from Kyani's and dunking a roll into hot tea for a delicious breakfast.
Behind the cashier would be rows of large glass jars filled with all sorts of baked biscuits (cookies) and other goodies that you could order by weight. Desi and I never failed to pick up a few mawa cakes shaped like mini loaves or little ovals depending on which Irani restaurant you were in, and always fresh baked.
Unfortunately, like a lot of good things, these family-run joints have been priced out by global fast food chains. Bastani's, an institution for many Bombayites, closed its doors several years ago. Merwan's, the creator of the Mawa Cake, closed in 2014. And the last time I was in Andheri many years ago, a McDonald's had replaced the Irani restaurant I remembered going to so many times as a child.
For me, the flavors of an Irani restaurant were concentrated in the Mawa Cake. And it was the food I missed and craved most of all after moving here to the United States, especially after I became a vegan. Making a vegan mawa cake became an obsession and I came up with a very tasty version that used vegan cream cheese in lieu of the mawa. I shared that version with you many years ago.
As good as it was, though, it wasn't exactly what I wanted. Besides, vegan cream cheese is highly processed, and I wanted to try out a version that would use ingredients most people would have around the house.
This Vegan Mawa Cake I have for you today is a labor of love, and it will hit the spot for anyone who loves the mawa cake, or has never had one but wants to. I hope you will try it, and if you do, imagine yourself, for a moment, in one of those cute corner eateries where one could never spend enough time with friends, where the food was always delicious and the prices always low.
Here's to all those amazing Irani restaurants-- and here's hoping they survive.
Like I said above, the most important substitution in this cake is for the mawa, a thick, pudding-like reduction of milk that gives the mava cake its dense yet tender and moist texture. And while the mawa itself doesn't have a strong flavor it adds a lot of richness to the cake. So to make up for that texture and flavor, I used two things: cashew cream and almond flour.
Be sure to make a really smooth cashew cream with no bits of cashews in it. Soak the cashews first for at least 30 minutes if you don't have a very high-powered blender and drain them before using. You will blend the cashews themselves with almond milk for the perfect, creamy texture and flavor.
Use superfine almond flour. You want the cake's texture to be really smooth, not grainy.
Soften the butter before using.
Mawa Cake also uses eggs, although some Irani restaurants now offer versions for Indian lacto-vegetarians that are eggless. There are no eggs in this vegan recipe, but a dash of lemon, cornstarch and the cashew cream help the cake bind.
I used a tablespoon of cornstarch for a tender cake. It sliced nicely but the corners crumbled a bit. I really love this texture, and my family did too, but for a firmer cake add an additional tablespoon.
Cardamom is king in this recipe, and I like using two teaspoons of it which, I think, gives the perfect flavor. It may seem a lot, but it really isn't. But if you're wary, you can halve the amount.
There's a cup of sugar in this recipe, and I tried a version with less sugar--¾ths cup. It was delicious, but it wasn't as sweet as I remembered a mawa cake to be. You can go with the smaller amount for sure if you want to. If you use less sugar, keep in mind the top of your cake won't brown as much, so it won't quite have that authentic, mawa cake look.
You need a bit of vegan yogurt in this recipe, and it also helps build up a richer flavor and color. I use my homemade vegan cashew yogurt.
You can bake this as cupcakes or as mini loaves, like I did. I got 10 cupcakes or 3 mini loaves in loaf pans that measured 5 ¾ths by 3 ¼ths inches. You can also bake this as a single cake in a round cake tin or a regular loaf pan.
Keep in mind that you'll need to change the baking time for different sized pans. Bake the cupcakes for 28 minutes, mini loaves for 33 minutes and if you make it in a regular-sized loaf pan or cake tin, bake for 35 minutes and then test with a toothpick. If it comes out with batter on it, bake a few minutes more until the toothpick comes out dry.
Always cool your cake thoroughly before unmolding or slicing it. Cool it on a rack.
Vegan Cucumber Cake
Vegan Gulab Jamun
Vegan Zucchini Halwa
Vegan Mawa Cake
Vegan Mawa Cake
- 1 ⅓ cups unbleached all-purpose flour
- ⅓ cup almond flour (superfine)
- 1 tablespoon cornstarch
- 2 teaspoon powdered cardamom
- 1 teaspoon baking powder
- ½ teaspoon baking soda
- 1 cup sugar
- 8 tablespoon vegan butter (soft, at room temperature)
- ½ cup almond milk (or cashew milk)
- ½ cup raw cashews
- 1 tablespoon pure vanilla extract
- 1 tablespoon lemon juice
- ½ cup vegan yogurt
- Preheat the oven to 350 degrees F. Line 10 cups of a standard-sized muffin pan with cupcake liners. If using mini loaf pans or a regular loaf or cake tin, line with parchment paper and oil the pans.
- In a bowl, whisk together the flour, baking powder, baking soda, cornstarch and cardamom and mix well. Set aside.
- Make the cashew cream by placing the cashews in a blender with the almond milk and blending into a very smooth paste.
- In a large bowl, with a hand mixer or a stand mixer (fitted with the whisk attachment) set to medium speed, cream the vegan butter and the sugar until light and fluffy, for no more than 2 minutes. Add the cashew cream, vanilla, lemon juice and yogurt and beat until mixed well.
- Add the flour mixture in two batches, beating for only 10 seconds after each addition. Continue mixing with a spatula if needed and make sure you scrape the bottom of the bowl so everything is thoroughly incorporated.
- Divide the batter equally in the cups of the muffin tin or mini loaf pans. If using a single large pan scrape the batter into it. You don't have to worry about smoothing the tops. At this point, if you want to, you can scatter on pieces of cashews or blanched almonds.
- Bake 28 minutes if making cupcakes and 33 minutes if making these in small loaf pans. If making in a larger loaf pan or cake tin, bump up baking time to 33 minutes and test with a toothpick inserted in the center of the cake. If it comes out with batter sticking to it, continue baking a few minutes longer.
- Cool the cake(s) on a rack, then unmold and slice. Mava cakes are never frosted, so all you have to do now is eat.
This is delicious, and easy to make as well. I’d never had Mawa Cake but it sounded good so I decided to try it. So glad I did.
Thank you for creating this recipe, Vaishali. I like reading the context of these recipes in your life. Now I need to invite someone to my house so I have an excuse to make mawa cake!
Well this is the first time that I have found a recipe with a long description that I actually wanted to read. And I did read the whole thing! What fond memories of Parsi foods. I would also add that the Parsi places are disappearing not just from those giant restaurants but also from the loss of the Parsi people as a whole. They marry Christians a lot and Hindus and Muslims to a lesser extent, but still often more than they marry each other! The younger generation does not feel compelled to give up their happiness for tradition. So there is no one to keep alive the foods but especially the ambience that you describe. Bombay has plenty of money to keep nostalgic places afloat, and people will pay any price. But now it can't be bought. I'll be trying this recipe tomorrow. I don't know what made me Google search for a vegan version of a mawa cake but glad I did. And I'll check out your other recipes.
Hi Raquel, thanks for sharing your thoughts. I do wish someone would go to the trouble of saving them for sure. And hope you try the cake!
Hi Vaishali through your story I visited Andheri those were the days now everything has changed in Andheri. Last time I visited many of the old shops were missing.
Hi Vasanti, when I visit Andheri now I feel like I am in a strange place, everything's changed so much. I always remember it as the not really quiet but more laid-back suburb where I grew up. 🙂 I am glad you could relive some of the past through this post.
what is your cup size? 250 ml or 220?
A U.S. cup is 236.59 ml.
Alma I Reed-Herrera
Can I make this with whole wheat flour?
Yes but why would you??
Alma I Reed-Herrera
I just like to avoid white flours. To much T Campbell in my life lol
😀 understood, just that it won't be as wonderful or authentic with whole wheat, but you can definitely make it.
Absolutely fantastic. Its exactly Irani restaurant mawa cake. 100%
Please also share the irani pani kum chai receipe. Thanks again.
You grew up in Andheri? Yay, me too. 🙂
Good old days. 🙂
Do you think I could make this in a 9" pan? Thinking of making this for a birthday cake!
Yes just give more time for baking as stated in instructions and do the toothpick test.
Ended up making this in two 6" pans and it worked wonderfully.
I just used regular butter since I'm not vegan. I soaked the cashews in almond milk and blended it up. I also used a tablespoon and a half of the cornstarch for easier slicing. It was absolutely delicious!! I have not eaten a mawa cake before, so can't comment on the authenticity. But it was a wonderful cake with very nice texture. I will try to halve the recipe and write down metric measurements to make myself a little 6" cake when I want. This will be made again!
I made 3 little loaves of vegan Mawa cake today and it’s delicious! My husband and I ate an entire loaf before it was cool and it took serious willpower not to start on a 2nd one. I’d intended to wrap one up prettily and take to our neighbors but I doubt that’s going to happen, oh ha! I’ve experimented with many different small loaves to add to the cookies and candy that we make and give out at the holidays. I think the Mawa will be perfect, both elegant and delicious. Everyone loves cardamom, right? Thank you for the gift of your recipe!
Sandee, so happy to hear!
Vaishali, can’t wait to try this. What would i substitute for nuts in case of nut allergy?
Hi Sangita, you could use coconut milk—the very thick part—but it will add a strong coconut note to the flavor that’s not quite right in a maws cake. It’ll be delicious though.Just use more all purpose flour instead of almond flour.
What a fascinating story! How tragic that such wonderful part of the fabric of your life has been displaced by the no-name fast food of our time. I'm hoping somehow it gets rediscovered and revived. . I do eat eggs but am a celiac so I'm going to try this with GF flour. I love any baked good with cardamom. Thx again for that wonderful glimpse into your life growing up.
Could gluten free flour be used in the Mawa cake?
Yes, use an all purpose gf flour that has xanthan gum added.
Hey Vaishali, thank you so much for sharing this! Mawa cakes are a childhood favourite that I dearly miss! Is there any way to substitute the Tofutti? Can I make my own creamm cheese, any recipe that you recommend? Also sorry, I can use any nut butter, right?
Hi Lokesh, I've updated the recipe and you can now use cashew cream instead of the Tofutti. I hope you'll be able to make this.
Tried this recipe and the mava cakes turned out PERFECT! Thank you 🙂
Vaishali this looks really good. I want to make these for a weekend get together. If I want to use regular Khava/Mava, do I still need to do this step?
-3/4 cup soy milk + 1/2 tsp balsamic vinegar. Mix and set aside to curdle for a few minutes
Please let me know.
Janhavi, the mava would replace the vegan cream cheese but you still need a liquid component like to soymilk. Since this is not a vegan version, you could use buttermilk, although it makes my heart sad that you don't want to try the vegan version.
Heyy I could recollect my childhood memories with your description.. my brther & me are always fond of the mava cakes....
Need to try them for sure...
Yum I have a thing for cupcakes... thank you for the hosting experience, I really enjoyed it!
Made these today and it is gone in 20 minutes. My kids loved them and so did my neighbors'. Thanks for the wonderful recipe.
extremely well written post. though I have never visited an Iranian restaurant I do feel sad for them.
Will surely try these cakes when I visit next.
love your version too.
Hi, Wow, how sad that the unique Iranian restaurants are being replaced....I thin it is so sad...you could travel the world and end up just seeing the same boring companies the world over...It's too bad the choices some people are making...hope they will change their mind before it is too late!!
PS I have never rolled a sushi roll...it's all my daughter...she is good at just about anything she puts a mind to!!
In my next visit to mumbai, i will definitely visit iranian bakery. Thanks for sharing the info. Mava cake looks yummy.
I love these...they were regular at our home..infact i would have these almost everyday! Your post reminds me i havent had mava cakes in long time!
Vegan version sounds delicious and cakes have baked beautifully!
I can't believe you have made a mawa cake vegan..hats off..
I love love love brun pao -sigh....and the berry pulao! Thanks for that trip down memory lane V! 🙂
And the mawa cake looks perfect!
loved your description of the Iranain bakeris in Bombay. I have never been to Bombay.. and it's been one of my perennial wishes to travel on the local trains in Bombay... lovely recipe 🙂
Vaishali,thank you so much for such a beautiful post! I truly enjoyed the memoire and share your sadness as these picturesque samples of another world give in to the giant modern monsters.. 🙁
Bravo on such determined efforts to recreate a dream..I know this issue so well from myself..but I am so glad we are doing these steps..enabling people to continue to enjoy classic wonderful recipes without the need to involve cruelty .. 🙂 bytheway,I can smell that amazing whiff of cardamom till here..!Mia
I tasted this cake once in Hyderabad...I simply loved its flavor...adding vegan cream cheese is a wonderful idea 🙂
Wow Vaishali, well narated post, mawa cake looks too soft and gorgeous..
I have heard so much about this mava cake, neve rhad the luck to taste them.
The Voracious Vegan
These look delicious, so soft and light! Thank you for the recipe, I can't wait to make them.
Wow!I am amazed at your recipes..how well you substitute to make a recipe vegan!Delicious one.I loved how you described Bombay's food joints..It took me back to India for a moment:)
love the mava cake...nice click!
Its really sad to see all the old eateries in India being taken over by fast food centers. Its the same story in Hyderabad.. Mawa cakes look yum.. I'm sure they tasted great too. Hope you are feeling better now and enjoying the long weekend.
Vaishali, that was quite a narrative on the Iranian restaurant scene. I was a single girl living in Mumbai and I would always go to an Iranian restaurant for their "bun", the mava cake and the jujubs. I was never a fan of the tea, being particular about how I like mine, but I loved the atmosphere, the marble topped table, the slow whirring fans and the old Irani guys sitting around chatting up a storm. Thank you for bringing up a lovely memory. 🙂
This one is on my next 'to do' list. I probably won't bake anything till after this week due to festival though. Will let you know how it turns out.